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Android Command

众所周知 Android系统是基于linux内核的,因而linux上的一些命令行基本上Android上也能适用,有时候有些有些阉割的命令也可以通过busybox这个命令工具做补充。本文总结Android开发常用的一些的命令行操作,带你走进不一样的空间体验。命令太多,建议收藏,有需要时搜索就行。

android-command

Adb常用命令

adb connect ip:port

连接指定设备

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb connect 192.168.3.43:5555
already connected to 192.168.3.43:5555
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb disconnect

断开指定设备

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb disconnect
disconnected everything
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb devices

列出已连接设备

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb devices
List of devices attached
192.168.3.43:5555 device
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb kill-server

adb 关闭服务

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb kill-server
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb start-server

adb 启动服务

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb start-server
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb install

安装应用 adb install -r -t apk路径

-r,-t,-d 选填
-r表示替换掉原来的apk;如果没有-r,否则会提示apk已经存在
-t表示可安装测试debug版本的apk,否则会提示TEST_ONLY
-d表示可以降级安装,否则会提示apk版本太低

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb install -r -t -d /Users/laird/git/AndroidTVappTutorial/app/build/outputs/apk/debug/app-debug.apk
Performing Push Install
/Users/laird/Work/05workspace/git/AndroidTV... pushed. 1.3 MB/s (2777025 bytes in 1.994s)
pkg: /data/local/tmp/app-debug.apk
Success
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb uninstall

卸载应用,后面指定应用包名

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb uninstall com.example.android.tvleanback
Success
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb logcat

抓取系统日志,建议带上时间戳,并写入文件

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb logcat -vtime > android.log

如需结束,按下^C

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb logcat -vtime > android.log
^C
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb root

获取root权限

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb root
restarting adbd as root
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb remount

挂载系统

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb remount
remount succeeded
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb reboot

重启系统

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb reboot 
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$

adb shell

进入命令行模式

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb shell
shell@pineapple:/ $

adb -s …

如果有adb连接有多台设备,可用-s指定设备识别号后,再后面再加命令
识别号可通过adb devices查看

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb devices
List of devices attached
192.168.3.183:5555 device
192.168.3.18:5555 offline
192.168.3.43:5555 device

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操作指定的设备
```shell
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb -s 192.168.3.183:5555 root
adbd is already running as root
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$
Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ adb -s 192.168.3.43:5555 shell
shell@pineapple:/ $

Android-Linux 常用命令

系统信息

busybox uname -m

显示机器的处理器架构(2)

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shell@pineapple:/ $ busybox uname -m
armv7l
shell@pineapple:/ $

busybox uname -r

显示正在使用的内核版本

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shell@pineapple:/ $ busybox uname -r
3.10.40
shell@pineapple:/ $

cat /proc/cpuinfo

显示CPU info的信息

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shell@pineapple:/ $  cat /proc/cpuinfo
processor : 0
model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 4 (v7l)
BogoMIPS : 1377.06
......
shell@pineapple:/ $

cat /proc/meminfo

查看内存使用

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  shell@pineapple:/ $ cat /proc/meminfo
MemTotal: 921624 kB
MemFree: 58280 kB
Buffers: 13696 kB
Cached: 295604 kB
SwapCached: 116 kB
Active: 334472 kB
Inactive: 310756 kB
Active(anon): 172492 kB
Inactive(anon): 172312 kB
Active(file): 161980 kB
......
shell@pineapple:/ $

cat /proc/version

显示内核的版本

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shell@pineapple:/ $ cat /proc/version
Linux version 3.10.40 (root@ubuntukaifa) (gcc version 4.7.2 (Sourcery CodeBench Lite 2012.09-64) ) #148 SMP PREEMPT Wed Jul 10 17:36:30 CST 2019
shell@pineapple:/ $

cat /proc/net/dev

显示网络适配器及统计

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Inter-|   Receive                                                |  Transmit
face |bytes packets errs drop fifo frame compressed multicast|bytes packets errs drop fifo colls carrier compressed
sit0: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
lo: 33251 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 33251 32 0 0 0 0 0 0
eth0: 23879158 130231 0 10 0 0 0 92837 11739459 41693 0 0 0 0 0 0
ip6tnl0: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
shell@pineapple:/ $

cat /proc/mounts

显示已加载的文件系统

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shell@pineapple:/ $ cat /proc/mounts
rootfs / rootfs ro,relatime 0 0
tmpfs /dev tmpfs rw,nosuid,relatime,mode=755 0 0
devpts /dev/pts devpts rw,relatime,mode=600 0 0
......
/dev/block/platform/mstar_mci.0/by-name/system /system ext4 ro,relatime,data=ordered 0 0
/dev/block/platform/mstar_mci.0/by-name/cache /cache ext4 rw,nosuid,nodev,noatime,data=ordered 0 0
/dev/block/platform/mstar_mci.0/by-name/userdata /data ext4 rw,nosuid,......

busybox cal 2019

显示2019年的日历表

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shell@pineapple:/ $ busybox cal 2019
2019

January February March
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31
......

shell@pineapple:/ $

date

显示系统日期

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127|shell@pineapple:/ $ date
Mon Aug 12 16:50:24 CST 2019
shell@pineapple:/ $

date -s “yyyymmdd.hhmmss”

设置日期和时间

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shell@pineapple:/ # date -s "20190823.172522"
Fri Aug 23 17:25:22 CST 2019
shell@pineapple:/ # date
Fri Aug 23 17:25:24 CST 2019
shell@pineapple:/ #

getprop

查看系统属性

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shell@pineapple:/ # getprop
[bluetooth.sco_over_btmic]: [1]
[chrome.tv.hole_threshold]: [0]
[config.disable_bluetooth]: [0]
[dalvik.vm.dex2oat-Xms]: [64m]
[dalvik.vm.dex2oat-Xmx]: [512m]
[dalvik.vm.dexopt-flags]: [m=y]
[dalvik.vm.heapgrowthlimit]: [128m]
[dalvik.vm.heapmaxfree]: [8m]
[dalvik.vm.heapminfree]: [512k]
[dalvik.vm.heapsize]: [256m]
......

也可以过滤字段 getprop | grep 过滤字符

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shell@pineapple:/ # getprop | grep "version"
[mstar.primary.audioHAL.version]: [Primary audioHAL version 3.0.04]
[ro.build.version.all_codenames]: [REL]
[ro.build.version.base_os]: []
[ro.build.version.codename]: [REL]
[ro.build.version.incremental]: [GD__-18.03.100.20.11.C2P]
[ro.build.version.release]: [5.1.1]
[ro.build.version.sdk]: [22]
[ro.build.version.security_patch]: [2016-03-01]
[ro.opengles.version]: [131072]
shell@pineapple:/ #

也也可指定属性 getprop 属性名

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shell@pineapple:/ # getprop persist.sys.timezone
Asia/Shanghai
shell@pineapple:/ #

setprop

设置系统属性,注意有些系统属性设置后重启可能会失效

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shell@pineapple:/ # setprop persist.sys.test testvalue
shell@pineapple:/ # getprop persist.sys.test
testvalue
shell@pineapple:/ #

dumpsys

dump系统所有的信息,由于信息量太大,建议会写入文件

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shell@pineapple:/ #   dumpsys > dumpsys.log

dumpsys package

dump应用信息,一般可以指定包名,查看应用信息

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shell@pineapple:/ # dumpsys package tv.lairdli.top
Activity Resolver Table:
Non-Data Actions:
android.intent.action.MAIN:
c015d7f tv.lairdli.top/.androidtvapptutorial.MainTvActivity

Key Set Manager:
[tv.lairdli.top]
Signing KeySets: 139

Packages:
Package [tv.lairdli.top] (164bb14c):
......

dumpsys meminfo

查看内存信息,可指定应用包名或者进程pid

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127|shell@pineapple:/ $ dumpsys meminfo com.example.android.persistence
Applications Memory Usage (kB):
Uptime: 8640528 Realtime: 8640528

** MEMINFO in pid 5534 [com.example.android.persistence] **
Pss Private Private Swapped Heap Heap Heap
Total Dirty Clean Dirty Size Alloc Free
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
Native Heap 3882 3852 0 284 12288 5183 7104
Dalvik Heap 7002 6952 0 0 11564 7325 4239
Dalvik Other 8618 8604 0 0
Stack 312 312 0 0
Other dev 20 0 20 0
.so mmap 924 100 196 188
.apk mmap 396 0 92 0
.ttf mmap 59 0 48 0
.dex mmap 96 0 92 0
.oat mmap 1462 0 516 0
.art mmap 862 636 0 8
......

shell@pineapple:/ $

ps

查看当前系统运行应用进程,可配合grep使用

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shell@pineapple:/ $ ps | grep example
u0_a95 5534 1189 1034160 52728 ffffffff 00000000 S com.example.android.persistence
shell@pineapple:/ $

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### top
查看当前活跃的进程可加参数-m 显示个数
```shell
shell@pineapple:/ $ top -m 3

User 20%, System 9%, IOW 0%, IRQ 0%
User 116 + Nice 1 + Sys 52 + Idle 401 + IOW 0 + IRQ 0 + SIRQ 1 = 571

PID PR CPU% S #THR VSS RSS PCY UID Name
6160 3 15% S 31 1024760K 38488K bg u0_a57 com.dangbeimarket:bdservice_v1
2231 2 4% S 68 1071148K 56480K bg u0_a60 com.douyu.xl.douyutv
1183 0 2% S 73 386908K 7020K fg root /applications/bin/MiSysSrv
^C
130|shell@pineapple:/ $

logcat

查看日志,建议加上时间戳 ,TAG等

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130|shell@pineapple:/ $ logcat -vtime -s TAG AndroidRuntime DEBUG
--------- beginning of main
--------- beginning of system
08-23 18:30:53.294 I/TAG ( 5940): registerNewOutGoingCallReceiver mIsNewOutGoingCallRegistered false

&

一个神奇的指令,命令行+& ,能将命令置于后台,不影响前台输出

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shell@pineapple:/ $ top -m 2 &
[2] 6583
shell@pineapple:/ $

User 18%, System 7%, IOW 0%, IRQ 0%
User 55 + Nice 1 + Sys 24 + Idle 228 + IOW 0 + IRQ 0 + SIRQ 1 = 309

PID PR CPU% S #THR VSS RSS PCY UID Name
1164 1 7% S 7 28496K 10012K bg logd /system/bin/logd
5940 0 6% S 76 1089524K 69544K bg u0_a61 com.duowan.kiwitv

shell@pineapple:/ $

busybox killall system-server

重启服务,可模拟快速重启,硬件不重启

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shell
shell@pineapple: $ su
shell@pineapple: $ busybox killall system_server
shell@pineapple: $
Laird-MacBook-Pro:Documents laird$

文件路径

cd -

切换到上一次路径

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shell@Hi3751V551:/ $ cd /data
shell@Hi3751V551:/data $ cd /system
shell@Hi3751V551:/system $ cd -
/data
shell@Hi3751V551:/data $

ll -a

列出目录文件,含权限信息,-a 包含隐藏文件

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shell@Hi3751V551:/ $ ll
lrwxrwxrwx root root 1970-01-01 08:00 Customer -> /tvcustomer/Customer
lrwxrwxrwx root root 1970-01-01 08:00 Database -> /tvdatabase/Database
lrwxrwxrwx root root 1970-01-01 08:00 DatabaseBackup -> /tvdatabase/DatabaseBackup
dr-xr-xr-x root root 1970-01-01 08:00 acct
lrwxrwxrwx root root 1970-01-01 08:00 applications -> /tvservice/applications
drwxr-xr-x root root 2017-01-01 08:01 atv
drwxrwx--- system cache 2018-11-03 20:10 cache
......

mkdir dir

创建文件夹

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root@generic_x86:/sdcard # mkdir testDir
root@generic_x86:/sdcard # ll
...
drwxrwx--- root sdcard_r 2019-03-23 06:00 Ringtones
drwxrwx--- root sdcard_r 2019-08-12 22:54 testDir
root@generic_x86:/sdcard #

rm -rf dir

删除文件夹

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root@generic_x86:/sdcard # rm -rf testDir/
root@generic_x86:/sdcard # ll test*
test*: No such file or directory
1|root@generic_x86:/sdcard #

创建硬链接,拷贝+同步
硬链接不能指向自身文件系统外的文件,即不能跨硬盘分区(软链接可以)。
硬链接不能指向目录。

创建软链接,软链接可以类比Windows上的快捷方式

df

显示系统挂载盘

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root@generic_x86:/ # df
Filesystem Size Used Free Blksize
/dev 757.7M 52.0K 757.6M 4096
/mnt/asec 757.7M 0.0K 757.7M 4096
/mnt/obb 757.7M 0.0K 757.7M 4096
/system 823.3M 594.9M 228.4M 4096
/cache 61.0M 60.0K 60.9M 4096
/data 779.3M 299.2M 480.1M 4096
/mnt/media_rw/sdcard 510.0M 54.0K 509.9M 2048
/mnt/secure/asec 510.0M 54.0K 509.9M 2048
/storage/sdcard 510.0M 54.0K 509.9M 2048
root@generic_x86:/ #

du -sh *

显示当前文件夹下子项大小

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root@generic_x86:/sdcard # du -sh *
2.0K Alarms
22K Android
2.0K DCIM
2.0K Download
2.0K LOST.DIR
2.0K Movies
2.0K Music
2.0K Notifications
2.0K Pictures
2.0K Podcasts
2.0K Ringtones
2.0K test
6.0K testDir
root@generic_x86:/sdcard #

du -sh ./

显示当前文件夹总大小

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root@generic_x86:/sdcard # du -sh ./
52K ./
1|root@generic_x86:/sdcard #

touch

touch命令用于修改文件或者目录的时间属性,包括存取时间和更改时间。
若文件不存在,系统会建立一个新的文件。
ls -l 可以显示档案的时间记录。

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root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # ll -l
root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # touch testfile
root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # ll -l
-rwxrwx--- root sdcard_r 0 2019-08-12 23:11 testfile
root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # touch testfile
root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # ll -l
-rwxrwx--- root sdcard_r 0 2019-08-12 23:12 testfile
root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir #

chmod 777 file/dir

修改文件/文件夹读写权限

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root@generic_x86:/data # touch testFile
root@generic_x86:/data # ll testFile
-rw-rw-rw- root root 0 2019-08-12 23:14 testFile
root@generic_x86:/data # chmod 777 testFile
root@generic_x86:/data # ll testFile
-rwxrwxrwx root root 0 2019-08-12 23:14 testFile
root@generic_x86:/data #

tar

  • tar -cvf archive.tar file1
    压缩

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    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # ll test/
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 09:35 testfile
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 11:52 testfileRemote
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # busybox tar -cvf test.tar test
    test/
    test/testfile
    test/testfileRemote
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # ll test.tar
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 3584 2019-08-13 16:07 test.tar
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard #
  • tar -xvf archive.tar
    解压

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    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # rm -rf test/
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # ll test*
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 3584 2019-08-13 16:07 test.tar
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # busybox tar -xvf test.tar
    test/
    test/testfile
    test/testfileRemote
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard # ll test/
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 09:35 testfile
    -rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 11:52 testfileRemote
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard #

busybox find

  • busybox find -name tmp
    从当前目录搜索文件和目录,指定名称

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    shell@pineapple:/ # busybox find . -name default
    ./sys/devices/virtual/bdi/default
    ./sys/class/bdi/default
    ./sys/kernel/debug/bdi/default
    ./proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/default
    ./proc/sys/net/ipv4/neigh/default
    ./proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/default
    ./proc/sys/net/ipv6/neigh/default
    shell@pineapple:/ #
  • busybox find -name *prop
    从当前目录搜索后缀为.prop的文件

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    shell@pineapple:/ # busybox find -name "*.prop"
    ./system/build.prop
    find: ./proc/1167/task/1378/fd/67: No such file or directory
    find: ./proc/1167/task/1399/fd/48: No such file or directory
    find: ./proc/5691/fdinfo/34: No such file or directory
    ./default.prop
    shell@pineapple:/ #
  • busybox find -name ‘*.prop’ | grep ‘build’
    从当前搜索文件名含字符build

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    shell@pineapple:/ # busybox find -name "*.prop" | grep "build"
    ./system/build.prop
    shell@pineapple:/ #
  • busybox find -name ‘*.prop’ | busybox xargs grep ‘version’
    从当前搜索文件名为.prop后缀,且文件内容包含version的文件

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    shell@pineapple:/ #busybox find -name '*.prop' | busybox xargs grep 'version'                         
    find: ./proc/1167/task/1368/fd/59: No such file or directory
    find: ./proc/1167/task/1375/fd/22: No such file or directory
    ...
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.incremental=GD__-18.03.100.20.11.C2P
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.sdk=22
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.codename=REL
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.all_codenames=REL
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.release=5.1.1
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.security_patch=2016-03-01
    ./system/build.prop:ro.build.version.base_os=
    ./system/build.prop:ro.opengles.version=131072
    shell@pineapple:/ #

    busybox which su

    显示一个二进制文件或可执行文件的完整路径

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    shell@pineapple:/ $ busybox which su
    /system/xbin/su
    shell@pineapple:/ $

    pwd 显示当前文件夹路径全路

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    root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir # pwd
    /sdcard/testDir
    root@generic_x86:/sdcard/testDir #

    cat file1

    从第一个字节开始正向查看文件的内容

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    shell@pineapple:/system # ll build.prop
    -rw-r--r-- root root 3489 2019-07-10 17:23 build.prop
    shell@pineapple:/system # cat build.prop

    # begin build properties
    # autogenerated by buildinfo.sh
    ro.build.id=LMY47V
    ......

    busybox tac file1

    从最后一行开始反向查看一个文件的内容

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    shell@pineapple:/system # ll build.prop
    -rw-r--r-- root root 3489 2019-07-10 17:23 build.prop
    shell@pineapple:/system # busybox tac build.prop
    dalvik.vm.stack-trace-file=/data/anr/traces.txt
    net.bt.name=Android
    ......
    ro.build.version.incremental=GD__-18.03.100.20.11.C2P
    ro.build.display.id=aosp_pineapple-userdebug 5.1.1 LMY47V GD__-18.03.100.20.11.C2P test-keys
    ro.build.id=LMY47V
    # autogenerated by buildinfo.sh
    # begin build properties

    shell@pineapple:/system #

    busybox more file1

    查看一个长文件的内容

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    shell@pineapple:/system # busybox more build.prop

    # begin build properties
    # autogenerated by buildinfo.sh
    ro.build.id=LMY47V
    ro.build.version.incremental=GD__-18.03.100.20.11.C2P
    ro.build.version.sdk=22
    ro.build.version.codename=REL
    ro.build.version.all_codenames=REL
    ......
    ro.build.flavor=aosp_pineapple-userdebug
    ro.product.model=MStar Android TV
    ro.product.brand=MStar
    ro.product.name=aosp_pineapple
    --More-- (21% of 3489 bytes)

    busybox head -2 file1

    查看一个文件的前两行

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    shell@pineapple:/system # busybox head -2 build.prop

    # begin build properties
    shell@pineapple:/system #

    busybox tail -2 file1

    查看一个文件的最后两行

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    shell@pineapple:/system # busybox tail -2 build.prop
    net.bt.name=Android
    dalvik.vm.stack-trace-file=/data/anr/traces.txt
    shell@pineapple:/system #

    busybox tail -f /data/anr/traces.txt

    实时查看被添加到一个文件中的内容

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    shell@pineapple:/ $ busybox tail -f /data/anr/traces.txt
    | sysTid=4182 nice=0 cgrp=default
    | state=S schedstat=( 0 0 0 ) utm=0 stm=0 core=0 HZ=100
    kernel: (couldn't read /proc/self/task/4182/stack)

    "[HY]YCMedia" prio=5 (not attached)
    | sysTid=4183 nice=0 cgrp=default
    | state=S schedstat=( 0 0 0 ) utm=0 stm=0 core=0 HZ=100
    kernel: (couldn't read /proc/self/task/4183/stack)

    ----- end 3932 -----

    echo aaaaa > file

    写入文件内容,覆盖

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    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ echo aaaa > testfile
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ cat testfile
    aaaa
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $

    echo bbbb > file

    写入文件内容,追加

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    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ echo aaaa > testfile
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ cat testfile
    aaaa
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ echo bbbb >> testfile
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ cat testfile
    aaaa
    bbbb
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $

    busybox vi files

    修改文件内容

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    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ busybox vi testfile
    aaaa
    bbbb
    cccc
    ~
    ~
    ~
    ~
    ~
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ cat testfile
    aaaa
    bbbb
    cccc
    shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $

网络信息

busybox ifconfig

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shell@pineapple:/ # busybox ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:30:1B:BA:02:DB
inet addr:192.168.3.43 Bcast:192.168.3.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::230:1bff:feba:2db/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING ALLMULTI MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:65386 errors:0 dropped:7 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:30638 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:12742381 (12.1 MiB) TX bytes:7053946 (6.7 MiB)
Interrupt:209 Base address:0x4000

lo Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:65536 Metric:1
RX packets:33 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:33 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:33303 (32.5 KiB) TX bytes:33303 (32.5 KiB)

shell@pineapple:/ #

ping

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shell@pineapple:/ # ping -c 5 8.8.8.8
PING 8.8.8.8 (8.8.8.8) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=2 ttl=51 time=27.8 ms
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=3 ttl=51 time=28.3 ms
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=4 ttl=51 time=27.9 ms
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=5 ttl=51 time=26.8 ms

--- 8.8.8.8 ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 4 received, 20% packet loss, time 4004ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 26.832/27.766/28.399/0.574 ms
shell@pineapple:/ #

busybox traceroute ip

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shell@pineapple:/ # busybox traceroute 8.8.8.8
traceroute to 8.8.8.8 (8.8.8.8), 30 hops max, 38 byte packets
1 192.168.3.1 (192.168.3.1) 2.652 ms 2.069 ms 2.478 ms
2 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 2.649 ms 2.428 ms 2.709 ms
3 219.140.116.1 (219.140.116.1) 4.015 ms 3.311 ms 8.269 ms
4 111.175.212.21 (111.175.212.21) 7.947 ms 111.175.212.61 (111.175.212.61) 12.815 ms 111.175.209.205 (111.175.209.205) 8.140 ms
5 111.175.209.49 (111.175.209.49) 7.436 ms 7.424 ms 111.175.210.225 (111.175.210.225) 8.159 ms
6 202.97.67.53 (202.97.67.53) 22.661 ms 23.562 ms 25.208 ms
7 202.97.94.138 (202.97.94.138) 19.972 ms 28.593 ms 202.97.94.134 (202.97.94.134) 23.313 ms
8 202.97.94.94 (202.97.94.94) 37.283 ms 202.97.94.90 (202.97.94.90) 43.247 ms 38.987 ms
9 202.97.89.54 (202.97.89.54) 31.696 ms 32.007 ms 31.233 ms
10 202.97.62.214 (202.97.62.214) 30.404 ms 28.171 ms 27.565 ms
11 108.170.241.33 (108.170.241.33) 28.638 ms 108.170.241.1 (108.170.241.1) 28.890 ms 108.170.241.97 (108.170.241.97) 29.114 ms
12 209.85.243.249 (209.85.243.249) 26.962 ms 72.14.239.95 (72.14.239.95) 27.257 ms 72.14.233.169 (72.14.233.169) 24.176 ms
13 8.8.8.8 (8.8.8.8) 27.501 ms 29.182 ms 26.884 ms
shell@pineapple:/ #

tcpdump -i eht0 -w file.cap

监听网卡的网络包,并保存到文件,之后可以用wireshark等软件分析

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shell@pineapple:/sdcard # tcpdum -i eth0 -w eth0.cap
sh: tcpdum: not found
127|shell@pineapple:/sdcard # tcpdump -i eth0 -w eth0.cap
tcpdump: listening on eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 65535 bytes
^C375 packets captured
399 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel
shell@pineapple:/sdcard # ll eth0.cap
-rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 54574 2019-08-13 09:40 eth0.cap
shell@pineapple:/sdcard #

busybox tftp

文件传输
mac建议安装TFTP Server
windows建议安装 Tftp32
上传文件 busybox tftp -pl remoteip

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shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ busybox tftp -pl testfile 192.168.3.41
testfile 100% |*******************************| 15 0:00:00 ETA
shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $

下载文件

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shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ busybox tftp -gr testfileRemote 192.168.3.41
testfileRemote 100% |*******************************| 15 0:00:00 ETA
shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $ ll
-rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 09:35 testfile
-rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 15 2019-08-13 11:52 testfileRemote
shell@pineapple:/sdcard/test $

busybox wget

下载网络文件

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shell@pineapple:/sdcard $ busybox wget http://192.168.3.5/index.html.en
Connecting to 192.168.3.5 (192.168.3.5:80)
index.html.en 100% |*******************************| 45 0:00:00 ETA
shell@pineapple:/sdcard $ ll index.html.en
-rw-rw---- root sdcard_r 45 2019-08-13 10:40 index.html.en
shell@pineapple:/sdcard $

busybox md5sum

查看文件md5值

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shell@pineapple:/sdcard $ busybox md5sum index.html.en
5388f60d7695cb57b87c799ee62d20b2 index.html.en
shell@pineapple:/sdcard $

签名

生成普通签名文件

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:Work laird$ keytool -genkey -alias test -keypass 123456 -keyalg RSA -keysize 2048 -validity 36500 -keystore test.keystore -storepass 123456
您的名字与姓氏是什么?
[Unknown]: laird.li
您的组织单位名称是什么?
[Unknown]: laird.li
您的组织名称是什么?
[Unknown]: lairdli.top
您所在的城市或区域名称是什么?
[Unknown]: wh
您所在的省/市/自治区名称是什么?
[Unknown]: hb
该单位的双字母国家/地区代码是什么?
[Unknown]: ch
CN=laird.li, OU=laird.li, O=lairdli.top, L=wh, ST=hb, C=ch是否正确?
[否]: y

Warning:
JKS 密钥库使用专用格式。建议使用 "keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore test.keystore -destkeystore test.keystore -deststoretype pkcs12" 迁移到行业标准格式 PKCS12。
Laird-MacBook-Pro:Work laird$ ll tes*
-rw-r--r-- 1 laird staff 2226 8 12 23:51 test.keystore
Laird-MacBook-Pro:Work laird$

查看签名文件信息

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:Work laird$ keytool -list -v -keystore test.keystore -storepass 123456
密钥库类型: jks
密钥库提供方: SUN

您的密钥库包含 1 个条目

别名: test
创建日期: 2019-8-12
条目类型: PrivateKeyEntry
证书链长度: 1
证书[1]:
所有者: CN=laird.li, OU=laird.li, O=lairdli.top, L=wh, ST=hb, C=ch
发布者: CN=laird.li, OU=laird.li, O=lairdli.top, L=wh, ST=hb, C=ch
序列号: 457b2631
有效期为 Mon Aug 12 23:51:21 CST 2019 至 Wed Jul 19 23:51:21 CST 2119
证书指纹:
MD5: DD:9B:06:2B:EE:25:44:22:97:75:99:C0:DC:A6:24:67
SHA1: 93:C5:28:01:EA:43:2C:5E:21:5B:4B:E6:A8:31:C9:5B:03:CC:20:82
......

Warning:
JKS 密钥库使用专用格式。建议使用 "keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore test.keystore -destkeystore test.keystore -deststoretype pkcs12" 迁移到行业标准格式 PKCS12。
Laird-MacBook-Pro:Work laird$

查看apk签名信息

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:debug laird$ keytool -list -printcert -jarfile app-debug.apk
签名者 #1:

签名:

所有者: C=US, O=Android, CN=Android Debug
发布者: C=US, O=Android, CN=Android Debug
序列号: 1
有效期为 Mon Mar 18 22:00:17 CST 2019 至 Wed Mar 10 22:00:17 CST 2049
证书指纹:
MD5: 91:AB:FF:E4:5B:C4:7B:D1:4F:CC:B9:5D:44:A6:73:DD
SHA1: CD:30:F3:C9:07:CE:AE:77:71:52:24:3F:65:20:FA:51:7D:85:2E:75
SHA256: F9:D2:32:1C:00:0C:59:F4:43:20:27:1F:F7:C2:9A:12:F6:0C:C5:02:C4:B6:49:B6:0D:42:85:7B:80:A4:19:4B
签名算法名称: SHA1withRSA
主体公共密钥算法: 1024 位 RSA 密钥
版本: 1

Laird-MacBook-Pro:debug laird$

生成系统签名文件

Android系统签名证书的目录是“build/target/product/security”
找到系统的 platform.pk8 和 platform.x509.pem 放在 keytool-importkeypair目录下执行

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Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ keytool-importkeypair -k platform.keystore -p android -pk8 platform.pk8 -cert platform.x509.pem -alias platform

然后在androidstudio 编译脚本引用

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signingConfigs {
    releaseConfig {
        keyAlias 'platform'
        keyPassword 'android'
        storeFile file("${rootDir}"+'/platform.keystore')
        storePassword 'android'
    }
}

web调试

mac下apache服务

  1. 启动或者关闭服务

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    Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ sudo apachectl start
    Password:
    /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/org.apache.httpd.plist: service already loaded
    Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ sudo apachectl stop
    Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$
  2. 默认网站目录
    Mac下apache默认的网站路径是/Library/WebServer/Documents

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    Laird-MacBook-Pro:~ laird$ cd /Library/WebServer/Documents
    Laird-MacBook-Pro:Documents laird$ pwd
    /Library/WebServer/Documents
    Laird-MacBook-Pro:Documents laird$

    windows下web服务

    建议下载轻量级web服务Abyss Web Serve或者Tomcat

    工具推荐

    本文涉及到的工具软件整理如下:

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